"Warm weather this winter has increased the risk of wild fires so we encourage people planning to burn brush to get a permit," said Charlie Parker, Minister of Natural Resources. "Nova Scotians should also heed the advice of our firefighters that grass burning damages soil, destroys habitat and causes serious safety risks."
A provincial permit for burning brush is required as of April 1 in Yarmouth, Digby, Annapolis, Shelburne, Kings, Queens, and Lunenburg counties, and as of April 15 for the rest of the province.
Permits are available until Oct. 15 at Department of Natural Resources offices, listed at www.gov.ns.ca/natr/staffdir/offices.asp
Domestic burning permits for yard clean up are valid for two weeks and cost $5.71. Industrial burning permits for land clearing, agricultural clearing, and blueberry fields are valid for as long as the job takes and are $57.16 .
Some towns and municipalities restrict burning or require their own permit in addition to the provincial permit so it is important to check before burning.
Grass burning should be avoided at all times. It carries great risks to people and property and causes significant firefighting costs to taxpayers every year. Burning grass destroys the habitat of many species, such as small birds that nest in tall grass and old vegetation. Grass fires that get out of control threaten wildlife, firefighters, and neighbourhoods.
Myth: It's safe to burn grass as long as there is still some snow on the ground.
Fact: Within hours of snow melting, dead grass becomes flammable, especially if there have been drying winds. Grass fires burn hot and fast and spread quickly around, and even over, patches of snow.
Myth: Spring grass burning controls weeds.
Fact: The weeds deposited their seeds into the surrounding soil last fall. Burning creates an ideal bare soil bed for the seeds to germinate.
Myth: Spring burning improves the new grass crop.
Fact: Burning actually reduces grass yield 50 to 70 per cent.
Myth: Burning makes the new grass come in greener.
Fact: The new grass will be the same color whether burning took place or not. It just appears greener due to the contrast against the bare, blackened ground.
Myth: I don’t see much wildlife around here so I can burn grass without threatening any animals.
Fact: Burning destroys the habitat of species you don’t normally see such as mice and voles as well as the nests and eggs of certain birds. If the fire gets out of control larger animals can be caught by the flames and many species will loose habitat.
Myth: Lost habitat will grow back in a few months and the wildlife will return.
Fact: It may take several years to replace what was lost. Vegetation is often multilayered with higher growth protecting undergrowth. Different species depend on different layers for food or shelter. Loss of the lower layer and its residents will impact species that prey upon those lost species.
Myth: Spring burning is the easiest way to get rid of last year’s vegetation.
Fact: Easy perhaps, but not good for the soil. Burning results in most of the old plants’ nutrients going up in smoke or remaining in ash that is washed away. Burning also releases CO2 into the atmosphere. Ploughing old plants under, or allowing them to decompose, allows carbon and fertilizing elements to go back into the soil.
Myth: It’s pretty safe to burn grass here. There’s a fire hall just down the road.
Fact: Under the Forests Act, if you light a fire, you are responsible for it. If your fire gets out of control you may be liable for the cost of fighting the fire, the destruction of others’ property, and face criminal penalties for violating burning regulations.